This is the first and most comprehensive mapping of the Sex Robot Industry. In this analysis we cover the newest technological advancements, the biggest and most revolutionizing companies, and present the most precise estimations of the current market size. The analysis covers more than 9 million data points on sales and user sentiment, as well as a targeted survey of more than 13,000 respondents. This is by far the largest study of sex robots in history.
Recently updated. Feel free to use any information from the study with reference too https://bedbible.com. For any additional details, raw data, or quotes from sex robot experts, manufacturers, or users/owners reach out to firstname.lastname@example.org.
- 17.4% report to have had sex with a robot or currently own a sex robot (17.8% men, 16.5% women)
- $200.7 million worth of sex robots are sold globally each year (0.5% of the $37B sex toy industry)
- 156 sex robots are sold every day.
- The average price of sex robots sold in 2022 is $3,567 (which dropped -85% from $24,000 in 2010).
- 15.3% in the US report to have had sex with a robot or currently being owners of one (Europe: 18.3%, Asia: 18.1%).
- 47% believe that sex robots will replace lovers in the future.
- 48% report an interest in visiting a sex robot brothel.
- 41% think sex with a robot is cheating (an increase from 27% in 2020).
- 50.7% believe that they could form a genuine romantic connection to a sex robot.
- From 2000 too 2022 the proportion of scientific studies done at a university level have increased 64,872%
- The biggest sex robot company, RealDoll, sells more than $10 million worth of sexbots each year.
- The first ever sold sex robot was called “Roxxxy” and was sold for $10,000 in 2010.
- The average cost of sex dolls have dropped from
- The latest technological advancement includes
- Artificial skin that gives sex robots sense of touch, temperature and moisture.
- Breathing capabilities and a heartbeat.
- Social network for matching AI sex robots and future buyers.
- Commercially viable and realistic 3D clonings of real humans.
Sex Robot Companies
This is a timeline of the biggest and most promising sex robot companies.
Years indicate the founding (and commercialization) of the companies and their sexbots.
Please note that this is just a selection of companies based on criteria of 1) innovation, 2) commercialization.
- 2010: Roxxxy
- 2011: MacMil Cybernetics
- 2013(-2017): AI Tech
- 2015: Realbotix
- 2016: BodAI
- 2016: Ricky Ma
- 2016: Z-onedoll
- 2017: Eden Robotics
- 2017: DS Doll
- 2017: Synthea Amatus, by Sergi Santos
- 2020: Illium Robotics
- 2020: Lux Botics
2010: True Companion, made Roxxxy
Douglas Hines debuted the sex robot Roxxxy at the Las Vegas Adult Entertainment Expo.
It has been named the worlds first real sex robot.
However, it also came with a staggering price tag: $9,999
The problem is, that the robot actually never really sold anything.
After 2 ½ years under development and over $1 million in cost.
However, Douglas Hines boasted wild claims and got huge press, but was critizised that the advancements he claimed such as innovative artificial intelligence, custom sexual personas, and a fully articulated skeleton, could simply not be accomplished with the low cost of development.
Douglas Hines said he recieved 4,000 pre-orders, but as the company has now gone bankrupt the early rumors that no actual sales came through is the most reasonable explanation.
2011: MacMil Cybernetics
MacMil Cybernetics became publicly known in 2011 (founded just a few months prior) in a sex robot documentary.
In the documentary, the company showcases two sexrobots. A female version called Susie Software, and a male sexbot called Harry Harddrive.
The company allegedly sold them for between $8,000 and $11,000. However, without any public record trace of any sales materializing (neither in SEC filings or other interviews).
2013(-2017): AI Tech
AI Tech was founded in 2013, and after 4 years of development launched their sex robot “Emma” in 2017.
She is currently one of the cheapest AI Sexbot options on the market.
For only $2,575 you will be able to get a sex robot that uses AI to become smarter and smarter the more you interact.
Emma will remember names, birthdays, interests, and other information you give her and learn your social codes.
You can even connect her to the internet (with a SIM, or connect her to your local WiFi) and get her to tell you weather reports, and historical facts from Wikipedia or get her to tell you a funny joke.
Currently (2022) the company is working on adding a camera and facial recognition software to the robot, which means that it will be able to recognize the owner and act accordingly.
Emma the sexbot currently knows English and Chinese, but the company has expressed intentions to add more languages to her system.
2015: Realbotix (RealDollx, created by Abyss Creations)
RealBotix was launched in 2015 in Southern California by Matt McMullen from Abyss Creations.
Abyss Creation was a sex doll manufacturer, that was founded by McMullen in 1996. The company has since moved its location to Las Vegas.
Not only is RealBotix – or as it is more widely known today, RealDoll – a frontrunner in the technology of AI sex robots, but they have also enjoyed mass commercialization success.
This is likely due to the strong success and expertise McMullen and Abyss Creation had from selling sex dolls. From 1996 to 2015 they sold $37.5 million worth of sex dolls.
And from 2015 to 2022 it is estimated that Realbotix/RealDoll has sold more than $60 million worth of sex robots (their sex robot line is called RealDollx).
Their sexrobots cost everywhere from $6,000 to $12,800 (if you go all out on customizations).
Their robots come with a subscription-based app ($2.5/mo), which helps control the sexrobot.
Being a front-runner company their sex robots has an amazing feature list:
- Head movement (side to side, and up-down).
- Mouth movement (open-close, smiling, frowning).
- Eyes movement (side to side, up-down, and close-open functions).
- Eyebrow movement (up and down).
- Sensors (can feel touch, movement, and transitions from mild arousal to orgasm).
- AI communication (ability to speak, hold a conversation, and use sensors to interact even with physical communication).
To give an idea of how complex their AI technology is it is worth mentioning that engineers from Hanson Robotics – the company behind the famous AI robot Sophia (who have spoken to celebrities like Tony Robbins and Jimmy Falon) – is working on the technology behind their AI Sex Robots.
In early 2016 BodAI was founded by Zak Field and Katie Aquino (who was publically known as “Miss Metaverse” – before it was popularized by Zuckerberg and Facebook/Meta).
However, already just half a year later in August the partnership dissolved between Zak Field and Katie Aquino.
Field left the company, and Aquino continued developing the BodAI sex robot technology with the team.
BodAI is primarily working on cloud-based technology and rumors have it that their technology has since been used in later prototypes and as the AI for actual commercial sex robots.
2016: Ricky Mar
After a grueling 18 months, and $50,000 spent on equipment the designer and inventor, Rick Ma, revealed his newest invention: A Scarlet Johansson sex robot look-a-like.
Just 3 years prior in 2013 Johansson was named the sexiest woman alive, and the newfound sex robot replica sparked headlines around the world.
Rick Ma was based in Hong Kong and called the sex robot “Mark 1”, and albeit revealing the inspiration for the looks was from a Hollywood star, he never revealed who the specific star was.
As Rick Ma likely feared lawsuits the “Mark 1” never found itself commercially available.
Z-one doll was a very promising company when they launched their $4,500 sex robot with a big and unique feature list.
One of the more impressive things was that it was possible to control the temperature of the robot.
Additionally, through their app, it was possible to download sounds and control the robot that way.
Additionally, the sexbot could blink and hold AI conversations (however, only in Chinese – like the smart ai Asian sex dolls).
Despite these functionalities, the robot did not have movement in the mouth, which made the speaking functions seem lackluster.
Despite the company officially shutting down in February 2020, its products can still be found at different retailers in both the US and EU.
2017: Eden Robotics
Recent developments meant that Eden Robotics has shut down. The website is down, and the reseller they referred to on their own website, AndroidLoveDolls.com, is also down.
Eden Robotics is most famously known for their sex robot, Eva, who has been featured in a long-form The Guardian article as one of the most advanced prototype sex robots.
However, taking a closer look at the footage (there is a 14 min video), and interviewing stakeholders it became clear that the prototype was only able to move her legs while lying down. There were no AI capabilities or speaking features.
2017: DS Doll Studio
DS Doll (Doll Sweet Doll) is a sex doll retailer and manufacturer. In 2017 they started developing sex robots under the subsidiary, DS Doll Robotics.
The company is based in DaLian, China. Currently, they have a fully functional ‘talking head’ ready that sells retail for $300-400.
However, that product launched in 2018, and since the company has not integrated the technology into any of its dolls.
They expanded the product line with a “bust”, so the upper torso of the doll came with it.
The company have not integrated AI into their dolls nor made them speak English – which is likely the reason the doll has not been integrated with the “speaking head” yet.
2017: Synthea Amatus, by Sergi Santos
Sergi Santos stormed the sex robot scene when he launched the “Samantha” for $2,500-$5,000 (depending on features and customization wanted).
One of the things Sergi Santos excelled in was limiting the number of features the doll had, as well as gaining massive public attention.
The “Samantha” sexbot has gotten amazing reviews for its hyper-realistic moaning sounds that are controlled by sensors in the robot’s body.
Despite the website being buggy we reached out to the owner, Sergi Santos, on the phone and confirmed that it is still possible to order robotic dolls. He said that all orders had to be confirmed on the phone as he was preoccupied with development.
2020: Illium Robotics
Apart from RealBotix, and there RealDollx Illium Robotics are one of the only US-produced robots.
However, they lack greatly in realism. Partly because they 3D print the dolls out of purely plastic and only fabricate the exoskeleton.
What is, on the other hand, very impressive is the computing capabilities of the “Catgirl” from Illium Robotics.
With an AI accelerator chip powered by a Khadas Vim3 Linux computer using GPT-3 to make a chatbot has improved the capabilities of this sexbot tremendously compared to other bots.
The Catgirl from Illium Robotics uses multiple sens oratory feedbacks such as machine vision, and internet accessibility, and includes the option to app control it.
It has a full range of motions on every joint and a whole library of movements, with easy access to open-source code and community.
If they manage to serve the realism aspect this is a very promising company for the future of sex robots.
2020: Lux Botics
Although Lux Botics are very far away from actually releasing a functioning and realistic sex doll they are working on exciting tech!
The problem with most sex doll is that they will have limited motions in legs, arms, and hips. Most movement will not be able to add to the intercourse.
This is where Lux Botics will be interesting to follow, as they are working on creating a lot of movement, especially in the hip area, of their upcoming doll.
A representative of the company said that they are still at a very secretive stage, as they are still considering whether to sell the tech (licensing) to a 3rd party manufacturer or work to build manufacturing themselves.
Advanced sexbot technology
The following is a literature review of all the newest advancements in the technology of sex robots.
Both the revolutionary new inventions, as well as advancement towards broad commercialization of features.
Note: Since the recent update we have removed the ‘older’ technological advancements previously listed in this study and focused on the newest.
#1 Artificial skin gives sex robots a sense of touch, temperature, and moisture (June 2022)
The advancement was made by California Institute of Technology which managed to print this skin making it viable for large-scale roll-out to sex robots.
The skin is made from hydrogel, and it is forecasted, that it will first see implementation as the skin used on the fingertips of sex robots.
#2 Commercialization of 3D cloning technology by Lux Botics (April 2021)
Realistic 3D cloning technology and capability have been around for a long time.
However, most companies, like e.g. RealDoll, used manual adjustments and had a hard time making uniquely cloned individual sexbots at scale.
Recent developments in 3D scanning and printing technology, this has now made it possible for commercialization at reasonable prices.
By 3D printing ultra-precise molds, Lux Botics are able to bring the cost of a 3D cloned sexrobot of for example a lost companion down to reasonable prices.
That is of course, if a reasonable price for a 100% unique cloned sex doll of a dear one is $9,000 – $12,000. While it might not be affordable, the price has come significantly down due to the manual processes of “cloning” being eliminated from the manufacturing process.
#3 Breathing technology introduced (February 2021)
Despite this technological breakthrough making headlines all the way back in 2019, it was unfortunately just based on rumors and publically announced “plans” by the sex robot company, AI-AITech.
However, in early 2021 the company could proudly announce its first robot with the technology incorporated.
Why is this such a breakthrough? Well, first of because it isn’t just the “sound” of breathing from the sex doll, but a moving chest you will be able to experience.
Since almost all sex robots are made with a non-bendable exoskeleton, this was a big hurdle for AI-AITech.
As of August 2022, Sex Doll Genie has announced that they are currently developing its own sex robot which will simulate both breathing and a heartbeat.
#4 Social network, used to connect AI sex robots and people (May 2022)
In early May RealDoll announced their new intentions to allow AI robots and humans to interact, date, and meet on a new social platform called ‘RealDoll VIP’.
Not much information has been released. The announcement is especially exciting as the AI sex robots will learn through chatting on the platform. Over time this will help the AI develop personalities that will match some people better than others.
In turn, making it relevant for future “lovers” to date and find out if they match – if you can freely choose, and have to pay a large sum of money, you are likely to want to find out if you match before.
Previous technological advancements:
- In mid-January 2021 RealDoll announced several dolls with more motion capabilities than previously recorded for commercially sold dolls. It included head-turning, facial expressions, and arm movement.
- In mid-June 2020 Wireless pressure sensors were implemented in a $15,000+ sex robot, meaning it could react to physical interaction, such as making moaning sounds when being sexually stimulated.
- In August 2019 Realbotix implemented revolutionizing kissing features into some of their models. Where the sex robots were given the ability to realistically mimic kissing (even slipping tongue!)
- In June 2018 a robotics engineer, Synthea Amatus, programmed “Samantha”, a sex robot her company was working on, to have the ability to deny intercourse. Telling the user “no” and interlocking feet and legs together to avoid contact.
Will Elon Musk’s new robotics “Tesla Optimus” also make a sex robot – the Catgirl sexbot?
Well, he announced so himself on Twitter. After immense pressure from fans, he proclaimed that “of course, we will make a Catgirl version of Optimus”.
So, in the future, some of the dominant AI sex robot companies might see some unexpected competition.
Sex robot sex and ownership
Note: These results are the best estimates based on comprehensive and representative sex robot user surveys of more than 13,317 respondents as well as sales data from the biggest companies in the industry. A sex robot was defined in the survey to respondents as a human-like doll with at least some robotic ability or function (speech, movement, etc.).
17.2% own or have had sex with a sexbot (Worldwide)
Most studies suggest that ownership and the use of sex robots for intercourse and stimulation are predominant among men. However, that is not the case based on survey data:
- 17.8% of men own or have had sex with a sex robot
- 16.5% of women own or have had sex with a sex robot.
15.3% (in the US) currently owns or have had sex with a sex robot
The US is definitely not the most predominant owner or user of sex robots, however, with a good economy and BNP per capita it allows for luxurious spending on sexual items.
- Europe: 18.3% of Europeans have tried to have sex with a robot or currently own one.
- Asia: 18.1% of Asians have tried to have sex with a robot or currently own one.
In Japan, 27.1% of the population currently owns or have tried a sex robot
As one of the countries with the highest rate of loneliness, it is apparently not uncommon to have a robotic sexual companion.
Sex robots sold each year
Due to data constraints, we could only gather exact sales figures and data in the US.
$200.7 Million worth of sex robots are sold each year.
This is the equivalent of more than 57,000 sex robots sold each year.
Compared to the $37 Billion sex toy industry, sex robots makes up 0.5% annually.
This means that:
- 156 sex robots are sold every day in the US.
- The equivalent of almost 5,000 sex robots each month.
- The average price of sex robots sold is $3,500.
The average price of sex robots sold
From the very first robot marketed at a whopping $10,000, the average price for a sex robot has dropped dramatically to just under $3,500 per sexbot.
Only 7.3% do not know what a sex robot is.
However, we wanted to find out, how 92.7% (who know what a sex robot is) felt about them.
47% believe that sex robots will replace sexual partners in the future
One of the things we asked was:
Do you think that in the future, sex robots will replace sexual partners?
47.1% believe that sex with robots will replace sexual partners in the future.
We also asked some more personal questions:
Almost 50% would be interested in visiting a brothel with sex robots
More specifically 47.8% agree to some extent that they find the idea interesting.
Of the remaining 52.2%, only 22.7% expressed to have no interest in visiting a sex brothel with sex robots. In essence, replacing sex workers.
The future is already here: Sex robot brothels are already a thing!
- Over 20 publicly known sex robot brothels exist in the world currently:
- Kokeshi Cyberbrothel (Berlin, Germany)
- VR Cybrothel Experience (Berlin, Germany)
- Naughty Harbor sex doll brothel (Prague, Czechia)
- Kontakthof brothel (Vienna, Austria)
- The Dolly Parlour (Greenwich, England)
- Xdolls brothel (Paris, France)
- Bordoll (Dortmund, Germany)
- LumiDolls brothel (Moscow, Russia)
- LumiDolls brothel (Barcelona, Spain)
- LumiDolls brothel (Turin, Italy)
- Playmate Dolls (Toronto, Canada)
- Aura Dolls (Toronto, Canada)
- House of Dolls (Kamloops, Canada)
- Bella Dolls (Vancouver, Canada)
- KinkySDollS (Toronto, Canada)
- Doll House (Viby J, Denmark)
- Unique Dolls (Helsinki, Finland)
- LumiDolls brothel (Nagoya, Japan)
- Richdoll (Tokyo, Japan)
- Ta Qu app (China, online sex robot rental app)
59% believe that sex with a robot should not be considered cheating
Some say, that sex robots in the future can be a way of lowering the infidelity rates.
More than 20% of married people have cheated in their current relationship, and 90% believe it to be very immoral to cheat.
What was interesting, however, is that we also found that:
- In 2022, 41% believe that intercourse with a sex robot is cheating.
This number is significantly higher compared to just 2 years prior in 2020, where only 27% considered sex with a robot cheating (a 13% increase).
This might be attributable to the fact that sex robots have become a lot more realistic and human-like in recent years.
Additionally, some believe that you can establish a relationship with a robot:
Can you form a genuine romantic connection with a sex robot?
Few people haven’t read the occasional news story of someone marrying their sex robot.
And while most might disregard it as a singular event, it might not be.
- 50.7% believe that they themselves could form a genuine romantic connection to a sex robot.
- 29.5% believed that sex robots could entirely replace romantic partners in the future.
Sex Robot in Research
A rapidly growing bode of literature has chosen to throw itself on the subject of sex robot. That is both with regards to:
- Technological advancements
- User sentiment toward sex robots and robotic companions
- Ethical discussions
- Philosophical enigmas
Overall, the data shows that from 2000 to 2022 the relative proportion of scientific studies done at a university level has increased 64,872%.
Comparing the increase from the spike of public attention on sexual robotic companions (see the Search Trend graph underneath) in 2018 to 2022 the increase in a relative number of peer-reviewed studies published that are concerned with “sex robots” have increased by 1,811%.
Part of a sex tech revolution:
In more recent years the sex toy industry has evolved tremendously. Here are just some of the innovations in the market – apart from AI sex robots:
- App controlled vibrators
- Sex toys that are controlled by sounds and can sync with the music
- Biofeedback vibrators – essentially able to measure your orgasms
- VR sex toys
- Soundwave stimulation (no-touch technology)
- Internal heating in vibrators
Ethical arguments (pros and cons)
We will refrain from participating in the ethical debat. This study simple lays forth the facts on which such a discussion can be based. Therefore any interpretations of any of data analysis, written text or similar does not constitute an opinion on any ethical arguments, what so ever.
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